About Journal

It is a quarterly scientific peer reviewed journal, sponsored by the Holy Al-Abbas Shrine, with two volumes a year and each cuddles two issues, deals with research and studies rendering the pure and engineering sciences, theoretical and practical, into being a field of its interest. What is to mention, a research study should be in line with the terms and conditions of the scientific research methodology and the scientific data, then the peer reviewed blind processes trigger an objective evaluation and assessment at the hand of an constellation of qualified experts with distinguished scientific...
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Proposed New Technique for Smart Earthing System

Albahir journal, Volume 7, Issue 13, Pages 13-27

Single line to ground and double line to ground faults occurred in distribution power system which leads to high fault current that is returned to this system through earthing conductor. This paper proposed smart earthing technique to reduce this current. The fuzzy logic controller is used in this technique to increase or decrease the earthing resistance which connects the neutral of the substation transformer to the earth point depending on the measured faulted current. MATLAB/ Simulink is used to test the performance of this technique. This technique applied to (11) KV distribution power system model with real data from distribution substation in Karbala city. This smart earthing technique deals with any unsymmetrical earthing fault that occurs at any location in the distribution network with any fault resistance.ﻣﺔ ﺧﻄﺄ.

Influence of Number of Blows and Water Content onE Engineering Properties of Compacted gypseous Soi

Albahir journal, Volume 7, Issue 13, Pages 83-93

The main problem in laboratory re-molded gypseous soil is that, gypsum material in soil do as bounded material between soil particles which increases soil strength. But these bounding between soil particles would be broken when attempts to recompact soil and made it difficult to return to its origin state. As a results, the value of cohesion and angle of internal friction would be changed for samples which that re-compacted using the ordinary compaction method comparing with the field values. In this study, compaction test was used with different blows number (15, 25, 30) for each layer. Different value of water content are used for each case to record the effect of numbers of blows and water content on thecohesion and angle of internal friction. Three different gypsum content samples (18.9%, 32.4%, 60%) are used in this study which taken from three different locations in Tikrit city - Salah-Aldeen Governorate, in the middle of Iraq. The results of laboratory tests for re-molded gypseous soil show that increasing number of blows and water content leads to increase cohesion and angle of internal friction. Also, the optimum blows number per layer was (30) for the three percent of gypsum content. But the optimum water content increased with increasing gypsum content to (7%, 12%, 15%) for the three values of gypsum content (18.9%, 32.4%, 60%) respectively, to obtain laboratory value of cohesion and angle of internal friction close to the field value. So it could be notice that, changing gypsum content in soil had no effect on the optimum number of blow for laboratory re-molded gypseous soil. But increasing gypsum content leads to increase optimum water content.ﻟﻘﻮﻟﺒﺔ..

The role of Some Tumour Associated Genes (CA9, WT1, PRAME) in diagnosis and prognosis of Breast Cancer.

Albahir journal, Volume 7, Issue 13, Pages 29-40

The aim of the present study is to assess the possible diagnostic and prognostic significance of certain tumour associated genes (CA9, WT1, and PRAME) in relation to tumour size and lymph node status. In order, the expression of these factors were measuredin the peripheral blood of breast cancer patients (N=55), patients with benign breast lesions (N=10) and apparently healthy controls (N=20). Quantitative real time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) was used to assess the expression of the target biomarkers. In the breast cancer samples 50(91%) samples were CA9-positive,8(14.54%) wereWT1-positive and 5(9.09%) were PRAME-positive samples. The expression of CA9-positive was significantly higher in breast cancer sample compared to benign tumour samples and healthy controls. For lymph node status, the results of all three genes showed that the highest percentage of positive samples 25(50%), 5(60%) and 4(80%) for CA9, WT1 and PRAME genes respectively, were multiple for lymph node status. The tumour size was significantly associated with the increasedCA9 and WT1 genes expression with tumour size 2.0-2.9 cm, while for PRAME gene the highest percentage of positive samples were with tumour size 1.0-1.9 cm. This study showed that CA9 gene can be a useful tool for discrimination between malignant and non-malignant breast tumours, the results may also indicatethe diagnostic and prognostic values for this gene. However, further analysis of a bigger cohort are required to consolidate these initial findings..

Asymptotic Fitting Shadowing Property

Albahir journal, Volume 7, Issue 13, Pages 41-50

Let (M,ɗ ) be a metric space, ɸ be a map from a metric space (M,ɗ ) to itself and satisfy the Asymptotic Fitting Shadowing property(AFSP) then these results are satisfy: For every m∈N,ɸm has asymptotic fitting shadowing property and ɸ is chain transitive, also, if ψ has the asymptotic fitting shadowing property then ɸ×ψ has the asymptotic fitting shadowing property. In addition to the other results on the asymptotic fitting shadowing property.ﳌﻨﺎﺳﺐ.

Evaluation of an Industrial Product Quality Level by Using Demerit Control Chart

Albahir journal, Volume 7, Issue 13, Pages 51-63

This paper is an attempt to improve the quality level of an industrial product (Ishtar Kerosene Heater) in Light Industries Company by using Demerit Control Chart (U-chart). Demerit per defected unit (U) was calculated to determine the control limits for selected thirty samples. The results showed that the production process was under controlled according to the statistical recorded data. Also, the defects classes A and B have no influence of the product performance. Additionally, it was found that the percentage of the quality level of product was ranging between (80-100%), indicating that this level is quite good.ﻳﻌﺘﱪ ﻫﺬ ﺑﲔ

Sol–Gel Processed Zinc Oxide Film Deposited on Equilateral Prism As Optoelectronic Humidity Sensor

Albahir journal, Volume 7, Issue 13, Pages 65-71

Zinc oxide film has been deposited on an equilateral prism using spin coating method. The sample is then annealed at (400) 0C for one hour. X-ray diffraction (XRD) confirms the formation ZnO polycrystalline structure with the unit cell parameters of a= (0.325) nm and c= (0.52) nm .The variations of both the transmittance and absorbance with wavelength in the range from (300) to (1100) nm is measured. The optical energy gap of the film is calculated from analysis of optical absorption. Based on output power modulation of reflected laser light, the humidity sensing of the deposited film is investigated at relative humidity (%RH) in the range (10–90) %. Three angles (45, 60 and 80) degree are used to apply the laser beam. The obtained results showed that the output power of reflected beam is increased with humidity. Maximum relative humidity was recorded at incidence angle Өi = (80) degree.

The Weighted Transmuted Pareto Distribution

Albahir journal, Volume 7, Issue 13, Pages 73-81

The lifetime distributions play important role in many real life fields such as the biostatistics, reliability and survival analysis, so we try to contribute infinding anew proposed lifetime distribution, weighted transmuted Pareto distribution, and discuss some of its statistical properties. .

Molecular Docking of Some Peptides to Varicella Zoster Virus Drug Targets

Albahir journal, Volume 7, Issue 13, Pages 95-126

Varicella-zoster virus (VZV), a neurotropic herpesvirus, is the causative agent of both varicella (chickenpox) and zoster (shingles). Like another herpes viruses, the VZV can cause both acute illness and latency lifelong. In other hand, the VZV common during childhood, especially in temperate climates. Moreover, Varicella is usually a benign and self-limiting illness. But may be more severe in adults, and in patients suffering from immunedeficiency. Because of the huge information available concerning inhibitors of this virus the current study spots light on them bypredicting the best peptides that can be a candidate to offer to wet laboratory experiments sufficient data about their ability to treat VZV. To acheve this aim several antimicrobial peptides and antiviral peptides used to predict their theoretical actions against three targets of VZV, Thymidine kinase (PDBID: 1OSN), Envelope glycoprotein H (PDBID: 4XHJ), Protease (PDBID: 1VZV) using Bioinformatics approach. And the binding potential of these peptides with the VZV drug targets was predicted using online program Hex 8.0.0., and some physical and chemical properites of peptides were predicted by specific programs, including T cell epitope Class I immunogenicity software, ToxinPred software, CellPPD software, isoelectric points (PI) and molecular weight, Boman index values software, and anti-cp software. The analysis of these data resulted with that from 64 antimicrobial peptide only 11 peptides have been found have favored binding affinities with VZV targets and good physical and chemical properties, these peptides were Polyphemusin 2, K4S4(1-16) a, F, AVP1092, MSI-78, A, Fv16, GLK-19, Magainin 1, Dahlen 5.6. ﻳﻌﺪ ﻓﲑﻟﻨﻄﺎﻗﻲ.

Proposed New Method of Enhancement Object Trajectory Based on Typical Trajectory

Israa Hadi Ali and Sarah Abdul Rizah Abd

Albahir journal, Volume 4, Issue 7, Pages 53-65

In this research, a new framework is proposed to enhance the studied trajectory of certain object
based on typical trajectory by using a specific algorithm. The proposed method consists of two stages,
the first stage, extract the two trajectories of the specific objects from the two videos, by take the center
points of the target object in each frame of typical video to represent these center points as a typical
trajectory of the target object. And taking the center points of the other object in each frame of studied
video to represent these center points as studied trajectory of the object. The second stage enhancement
method, this method shows a good result in the aspect of enhancement to approximate the studied
trajectory based on a typical trajectory. Consequently, the enhancement trajectory will be obtained, this
trajectory may be either approximate or the same typical trajectory. The percentage of enhancement
increased from (25%- 45%) to percentage between (87%- 100%).

Assessment of Vitamin D Receptor Gene Expression In Type 2 Diabetic and HypertensivePatients

Zuhair Mohammed Ali Jeddoaa

Albahir journal, Volume 6, Issue 11, Pages 107-117

Vitamin D receptor (encoded by the VDR gene) is a transcription factor from the
nuclear receptor subfamily. It has been reported that this gene has been participated
in the regulation of susceptibility to autoimmune and inflammatory conditions,
and could play a role in the pathogenesis of blood pressure and type (2) diabetes
mellitus, so this study was conducted toevaluate the effect of some demographical
parametersand to assess the gene expression levels of VDR gene in both type (2)
diabetic and hypertensive patient groups in comparison with apparently healthy
controls.A total of (104) individuals were enrolled in this study ,forty of diabetes
mellitus type 2 patients, forty of blood hypertension patients and twenty four of
apparently healthy individuals as a control group. The age, gender, living region
and family historywere studied.Real time – quantitative polymerase chain reaction
(RT-qPCR) technique was adopted to assess the amplification levels of VDR gene.
The results showed thatthere were significant associations between patients
groups and gender and family history, respectively, and there was no significant
association (p ≥ 0.05) for the living region in diabetic patients.However, a significant
positive association (p ≤ 0.05) exists between living region and Diabetic condition.
RT-qPCR amplification results showed that the mean ± SD of threshold cycle
(Ct) values of amplification cycles of diabetic, hypertension, and control groups
were 23.5±1.22, 24.67±1.30 and27.41±1.94 respectively. The statistical analyses
of quantitative amplifications revealed that there was highly significant difference
(p ≤ 0.01) between diabetic and control groups, and there were no statistically
differences (p ≥ 0.05) of hypertension patients in comparison with control group.
The results also revealed significant difference (p ≤ 0.05) between diabetic and
hypertensive groups.

The Inhibition Combustion of Polyester and Epoxy Resins by Using Some of Inorganic Phosphorus Salts

Harith I. Jaffer; Mohammad N. AL-Baiati

Albahir journal, Volume 2, Issue 3, Pages 37-47

Abstract In this work, the effect of four types of inorganic phosphorus salts on flammability for polyester and epoxy resins has been studied in the weight ratios of (0.5, 1.5, 2.5 & 3.5%) by preparing films of (130×130×3) mm3 in diameter, Three standard tests method were used to measure the flame retardation which are; ASTM: D-2863, ASTM: D-635 & ASTM: D-3014. The results obtained from these tests indicated that additive IV has high efficiency as a flame retardant, self-extinguishing (S.E), occurred at the percentage 0.5% for unsaturated polyester resin and the percentage 1.5% for epoxy resin. Non-burning (N.B), occurred at the percentage 2.5% for unsaturated polyester resin and at the percentage 3.5% for epoxy resin. Additives I and II show low effect on retard combustion in both resins.

Proposed New Technique for Smart Earthing System

Albahir journal, Volume 7, Issue 13, Pages 13-27

Single line to ground and double line to ground faults occurred in distribution power system which leads to high fault current that is returned to this system through earthing conductor. This paper proposed smart earthing technique to reduce this current. The fuzzy logic controller is used in this technique to increase or decrease the earthing resistance which connects the neutral of the substation transformer to the earth point depending on the measured faulted current. MATLAB/ Simulink is used to test the performance of this technique. This technique applied to (11) KV distribution power system model with real data from distribution substation in Karbala city. This smart earthing technique deals with any unsymmetrical earthing fault that occurs at any location in the distribution network with any fault resistance.ﻣﺔ ﺧﻄﺄ.

Proposed New Method of Enhancement Object Trajectory Based on Typical Trajectory

Israa Hadi Ali and Sarah Abdul Rizah Abd

Albahir journal, Volume 4, Issue 7, Pages 53-65

In this research, a new framework is proposed to enhance the studied trajectory of certain object
based on typical trajectory by using a specific algorithm. The proposed method consists of two stages,
the first stage, extract the two trajectories of the specific objects from the two videos, by take the center
points of the target object in each frame of typical video to represent these center points as a typical
trajectory of the target object. And taking the center points of the other object in each frame of studied
video to represent these center points as studied trajectory of the object. The second stage enhancement
method, this method shows a good result in the aspect of enhancement to approximate the studied
trajectory based on a typical trajectory. Consequently, the enhancement trajectory will be obtained, this
trajectory may be either approximate or the same typical trajectory. The percentage of enhancement
increased from (25%- 45%) to percentage between (87%- 100%).

A Study of P 53 codon (72) polymorphism distribution and related risk factors in Kerbala population by PCR

Hassan Mahmood Mousa Abo Almaali

Albahir journal, Volume 5, Issue 9, Pages 81-90

Tumor protein (53) P53 is a member of family of proteins responsible for many
processes such as preventing cancer by controlling cell cycle, programmed cell death
(apoptosis), stress response, DNA repair and gene expression. It’s found that p53 have
many codons that may be subjected to mutation by many factors and these mutation
may lead to cancers in many systems of human body.One of most important sites of
mutation responsible for cancer development is codon (72) because it located on exon
(4).Codon (72) has three polymorphisms which are R/R, R/P and P/P according to arginine
substitution with proline in the proline’s rich area.The present study aimsto study
the distribution of codon (72)polymorphisms in Kerbala population and impact of many
risk factors such as smoking, diseases with genetic extension such as diabetes mellitus
and hypertension in addition to another factor such as age, residency, academic achievement
and gender on polymorphism of codon (72) of p53.Our study showed there is only
two types of codon (72) polymorphisms has been found in our cases, which are R/R
and R/P, P/P alleles not found in studied population. The results also revealed that no
strong association between one type on codon (72) polymorphisms and the studied risk
factors, such as smoking, diseases with genetic causation (such as diabetes mellitus
and hypertension) and other factor such as age, residency, academic achievement that
we are study. The correlation coefficients (r) were as the following; the smoking status/
polymorphism (r=0.07141);education /polymorphism (r=0.10955); age /polymorphism
correlation (r=-0.0636); and gender /polymorphism (r=0.1).

Some Chaotic Properties on -space

Marwa Abbas; Iftichar AL-Shara

Albahir journal, Volume 2, Issue 3, Pages 68-73

Abstract We study some chaotic properties on G-space, we prove if f is G-localy eventually onto then f is G-sensitive dependence on initial conditions, also if f is G-chain sensitive then is also G-chain sensitive when f ≈ h.Also we generalize some properties about G-blending.

Assessment of Vitamin D Receptor Gene Expression In Type 2 Diabetic and HypertensivePatients

Zuhair Mohammed Ali Jeddoaa

Albahir journal, Volume 6, Issue 11, Pages 107-117

Vitamin D receptor (encoded by the VDR gene) is a transcription factor from the
nuclear receptor subfamily. It has been reported that this gene has been participated
in the regulation of susceptibility to autoimmune and inflammatory conditions,
and could play a role in the pathogenesis of blood pressure and type (2) diabetes
mellitus, so this study was conducted toevaluate the effect of some demographical
parametersand to assess the gene expression levels of VDR gene in both type (2)
diabetic and hypertensive patient groups in comparison with apparently healthy
controls.A total of (104) individuals were enrolled in this study ,forty of diabetes
mellitus type 2 patients, forty of blood hypertension patients and twenty four of
apparently healthy individuals as a control group. The age, gender, living region
and family historywere studied.Real time – quantitative polymerase chain reaction
(RT-qPCR) technique was adopted to assess the amplification levels of VDR gene.
The results showed thatthere were significant associations between patients
groups and gender and family history, respectively, and there was no significant
association (p ≥ 0.05) for the living region in diabetic patients.However, a significant
positive association (p ≤ 0.05) exists between living region and Diabetic condition.
RT-qPCR amplification results showed that the mean ± SD of threshold cycle
(Ct) values of amplification cycles of diabetic, hypertension, and control groups
were 23.5±1.22, 24.67±1.30 and27.41±1.94 respectively. The statistical analyses
of quantitative amplifications revealed that there was highly significant difference
(p ≤ 0.01) between diabetic and control groups, and there were no statistically
differences (p ≥ 0.05) of hypertension patients in comparison with control group.
The results also revealed significant difference (p ≤ 0.05) between diabetic and
hypertensive groups.

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